The Korean Journal of Sports Medicine

Indexed in /covered by CAS, KoreaScience & DOI/Crossref:eISSN 2288-6028   pISSN 1226-3729

Table. 3.

Table. 3.

Premenstrual symptoms of all participants

Symptom Total participant (n=124)Moderate-to-severe PMS (n=18)


No-mild Moderate to severe No-mild Moderate to severe
Anger/irritability 83 (66.9) 41 (33.1) 4 (22.2) 14 (77.8)
Anxiety/tension 113 (91.1) 11 (8.9) 12 (66.7) 6 (33.3)
Tearful/increased sensitivity to rejection 95 (76.6) 29 (23.4) 9 (50.0) 9 (50.0)
Depressed mood/hopelessness 102 (82.3) 22 (17.7) 9 (50.0) 9 (50.0)
Decreased interest
In work activities 107 (86.3) 17 (13.7) 9 (50.0) 9 (50.0)
In home activities 114 (91.9) 10 (8.1) 11 (61.1) 7 (38.9)
In social activities 110 (88.7) 14 (11.3) 7 (38.9) 11 (61.1)
Difficulty concentrating 100 (80.6) 24 (19.4) 4 (22.2) 14 (77.8)
Fatigue/lack of energy 68 (54.8) 56 (45.2) 0 (0) 18 (100)
Overeating/food craving 72 (58.1) 52 (41.9) 7 (38.9) 11 (61.1)
Insomnia 106 (85.5) 18 (14.5) 12 (66.7) 6 (33.3)
Hypersomnia (needing more sleep) 91 (73.4) 33 (26.6) 7 (38.9) 11 (61.1)
Feeling overwhelmed or out of control 104 (83.9) 20 (16.1) 7 (38.9) 11 (61.1)
Physical symptoms
Breast tenderness 105 (84.7) 19 (15.3) 11 (61.1) 7 (38.9)
Headaches 117 (94.4) 7 (5.6) 12 (66.7) 6 (33.3)
Joint/muscle pain 117 (94.4) 7 (5.6) 8 (44.4) 10 (55.6)
Bloating 118 (95.2) 6 (4.8) 8 (44.4) 10 (55.6)
Weight gain 120 (96.8) 4 (3.2) 8 (44.4) 10 (55.6)
Interfered with
School/work efficiency or productivity 89 (71.8) 35 (28.2) 3 (16.7) 15 (83.3)
Relationship with friends, classmate, coworkers 105 (84.7) 19 (15.3) 12 (66.7) 6 (33.3)
Relationships with family 91 (73.4) 33 (26.6) 13 (72.2) 5 (27.8)
Social life activities 89 (71.8) 35 (28.2) 13 (72.2) 5 (27.8)
Home responsibilities 94 (75.8) 30 (24.2) 15 (83.3) 3 (16.7)

Values are presented as number (%).

PMS: premenstrual syndrome.

Korean J Sports Med 2021;39:10-8 https://doi.org/10.5763/kjsm.2021.39.1.10
© 2021 Korean J Sports Med