The Korean Journal of Sports Medicine

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Table. 3.

Table. 3.

Measured parameter according to physical fitness levels

Variable Fit (n=153) Unfit (n=155) p-value
Physical fitness Z-score 0.51±0.38 −0.51±0.45 <0.001
K-MMSE score 26.4±2.8 23.5±4.1 <0.001
Age (yr) 70.7±6.6 76.2±5.4 <0.001
Menopause age (yr) 49.7±5.0 49.1±5.4 0.333
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.0±3.0 25.2±3.3 0.001
Waist circumstance (cm) 88.4±12.6 93.3±14.2 0.002
Education <0.001
Elementary or less 68 (44.4) 114 (73.5)
Middle/high school 78 (51.0) 37 (23.9)
College or higher 7 (4.6) 4 (2.6)
Alcohol consumption 61 (39.9) 66 (42.6) 0.629
Physical inactivity 50 (32.7) 89 (57.4) <0.001
Fall experience 39 (25.5) 45 (29.0) 0.485
Sarcopenia 28 (18.3) 37 (23.9) 0.231
Osteoporosis 28 (18.3) 39 (25.2) 0.145
FRS parameter
FRS (%) 10.8±6.2 15.4±8.1 <0.001
HDL-C (mg/dL) 54.6±13.8 51.1±13.5 0.026
TC (mg/dL) 179.1±37.2 176.4±37.9 0.526
SBP (mmHg) 125.6±13.7 130.7±13.9 0.001
Hypertension treated 70 (45.8) 99 (63.9) 0.001
Smoking 5 (3.3) 3 (1.9) 0.462
Diabetes melliuts 19 (12.4) 42 (27.1) 0.001
Physical fitness parameter
Upper body strength (time/30 sec) 20.6±3.9 15.8±3.9 <0.001
Lower body strength (time/30 sec) 16.9±3.9 12.0±2.8 <0.001
Upper body flexibility (cm) −4.9±10.9 −17.1±10.9 <0.001
Lower body flexibility (cm) 15.1±6.8 6.1±9.7 <0.001
Aerobic endurance (time/2 min) 108.4±14.7 88.2±21.5 <0.001

Values are presented as mean±standard deviation or number (%).

Z-score: standard score, K-MMSE: Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination, FRS: Framingham risk score, HDL-C: high density lipoprotein cholesterol, TC: total cholesterol, SBP: systolic blood pressure.

Korean J Sports Med 2021;39:51-9 https://doi.org/10.5763/kjsm.2021.39.2.51
© 2021 Korean J Sports Med