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Study on the Orthopedic Characteristics of Bicycle Injury Patients
Korean J Sports Med 2018;36:1-6
Published online March 1, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.5763/kjsm.2018.36.1.1
© 2018 The Korean Society of Sports Medicine.

Youn Moo Heo, Jin Woong Yi, Byung Hak Oh, June Bum Jun, Hyung Jun Cho, Tae Gyun Kim

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Konyang University Hospital, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
Correspondence to: Tae Gyun Kim
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Konyang University Hospital, Konyang University College of Medicine, 158 Gwanjeodong-ro, Seo-gu, Daejeon 35365, Korea
Tel: +82-42-600-9053, Fax: +82-42-600-9251
E-mail: ktk1113@kyuh.ac.kr
Received November 21, 2016; Revised February 26, 2018; Accepted February 27, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate bicycle injury patients who suffered orthopedic injuries.
Methods: From January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014, 1,664 people visited the emergency room due to a bicycle accident. Among them, 385 patients were found to have orthopedic injuries through physical examination and imaging evaluation. Intending to evaluate whether the number of bicycle injury patients is increasing or decreasing yearly, we investigated the rate of orthopedic injuries among bicycle injury patients, the damaged areas and the extent of damage, and also investigated whether changes in frequency were correlated with sex, age, or season.
Results: From January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014, a total of 237,533 people came to the emergency room. Among them, the number of bicycle injuries was 1,664 (0.7%), and 23% of the bicycle injuries (385 people) were orthopedic injuries. Among these, 77.4% were men, 44.5% were less than 20 years old, and 20% were more than 61 years old. Damage to the forearm (n=82, 21.3%) and the shoulder (n=71, 18.4%) were the most common injuries, and simple fractures affected 274 patients (71.1%), overwhelmingly more common than other patterns of damage. In combination, simple fracture and dislocations occurred in 279 cases (72.5%).
Conclusion: Most bicycle injuries occur in young and elderly people. Fractures of the forearm and shoulder were the most common orthopedic injuries. We expect that this study will be helpful in providing information about the orthopedic characteristics of bike injuries.
Keywords : Bicycle, Emergency department, Incidence, Orthopedics
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