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An Analysis of Change on Alpine Skiers’ Body Composition, Anaerobic Power, and Isokinetic Muscular Function between before and after Winter Season
Korean J Sports Med 2018;36:149-157
Published online September 1, 2018;
© 2018 The Korean Society of Sports Medicine.

Hye Jung Choi1, Seok Hee Kim2

1Department of Counseling, Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University-San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA, 2School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon, Korea
Correspondence to: Seok Hee Kim
School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseonggu, Daejeon 34141, Korea
Tel: +82-42-350-4821, Fax: +82-42-350-4839 E-mail:
Received July 12, 2018; Revised August 13, 2018; Accepted August 17, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes on alpine skiers’ body composition, anaerobic power, isokinetic knee strength and muscle balance ratio (hamstring to quadriceps [HQ] ratio) before and after winter season.
Methods: The subjects of this study was 22 elite alpine skier, aged 16−20 years. Participants were divided into two groups (male, 12; female, 10). The study conducts a periodization training program in the winter season for 4 months. The data processing of this study was analyzed by paired t-test, using SPSS 21.0 statistics program.
Results: There was significance on fat free mass in male group (p<0.05); there was significance on anaerobic power and average power in female group (p<0.01), and fatigue index significantly increased in male group (p<0.05). There was significance on extension power of male group and flexion power of female group in 30°/sec. There was significance on extension power of both groups in 180°/sec (p<0.05). There was significant increase on flexion power of male group in 240°/sec (p<0.01). There was significant increase on H/Q% of female right side in 30°/sec (p<0.01). There was significance on right side of both groups in 180°/sec (p<0.05). There were significances on right and left side of both groups in 240°/sec (male, p<0.01; female, p<0.05).
Conclusion: Therefore, this study suggests that the periodization training should be important to maintain and to develop seasonal condition of alpine skiers.
Keywords : Alpine ski, Anaerobic power, Isokinetic strength, Muscle balance ratio, Periodization training
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