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Effects of Stair Climbing on Blood Pressure, Lipid Profiles, and Physical Fitness
Korean J Sports Med 2019;37:17-28
Published online March 1, 2019;  https://doi.org/10.5763/kjsm.2019.37.1.17
© 2019 The Korean Society of Sports Medicine.

Jung-Wha Moon1, Yeong-Sook Yoon2, Hong-Jae Lee3, Tae-Ho Jeong1, Young-Hye Hwang4, Ha-Seong Kim3

1Sports Medical Center, Departments of 2Family Medicine and 3Medicine and Rehabilitation, and
4CS Team, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang, Korea
Correspondence to: Jung-Wha Moon
Sports Medical Center, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, 170 Juhwa-ro, Ilsanseo-gu, Goyang 10380, Korea
Tel: +82-31-910-7190, Fax: +82-31-910-7889, E-mail: jhmoon@paik.ac.kr
Received October 15, 2018; Revised February 23, 2019; Accepted February 25, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to identify the effects of worker셲 stair-climbing on blood pressure, lipid profiles, and physical fitness.
Methods: After recruiting 114 healthy adult women aged 20 to 64 years who have had sedentary for more than 3 months, we divided into two groups: the stair group (SG, n=57) and control group (CG, n=57). SG was supposed to do stair-climbing in daily life like workplace and home for 12 weeks. To investigate the effects of the lifestyle changing of stair-climbing, resting blood pressure, heart rate (HR), and lipid profiles were measured before and after 12-week stair-climbing. Also, physical fitness items such as peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak), back muscle strength, sit and reach, isokinetic strength of knee joint, static and dynamic balance were measured.
Results: As a result of the 12-week lifestyle changing of stair-climbing, resting systolic blood pressure (SBP; p竊0.05) and HR (p竊0.01) were significantly decreased in SG. Low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) was significantly reduced in SG (p竊0.05). There was a significant improvement in the VO2peak (p竊0.001). There were a significant improvement in back strength (p竊0.001) and bilateral knee extensor (60/sec: p竊0.05, p竊0.01, 180/sec: p竊0.01, p竊0.01) and knee flexor (180/sec: p竊0.01, p竊0.05) of isokinetic strength. There were significant improvements in static balance of one leg standing eye-closed (p竊0.05) and dynamic balance of left/right velocity (p竊0.01), forward/backward velocity (p竊0.01).
Conclusion: In this study, 12 weeks of lifestyle changing of stair-climbing improved SBP, resting HR, LDL-C, VO2peak, back and knee strength, static and dynamic balance as well as increased physical activity volume of stair-climbing in the daily living.
Keywords : Blood pressure, Lipids, Peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak), Stair-climbing, Strength
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