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The Experience of the Upper Respiratory Infection of the Elite Winter Sports Athletes and Its Effect on Training and Competition
Korean J Sports Med 2019;37:54-59
Published online June 1, 2019;  https://doi.org/10.5763/kjsm.2019.37.2.54
© 2019 The Korean Society of Sports Medicine.

Moonjung Bae, Sejun Kim, Jungjoong Yun

Department of Medicine and Science, National Training Center, Korean Sport and Olympic Committee, Jincheon, Korea
Correspondence to: Moonjung Bae
Department of Medicine and Science, National Training Center, Korean Sport and Olympic Committee, 105 Seonsuchon-ro, Gwanghyewon-myeon, Jincheon 27809, Korea
Tel: +82-43-531-0093, Fax: +82-43-531-0070, E-mail: mjbae81@sports.or.kr
Received February 1, 2019; Revised April 24, 2019; Accepted May 7, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Purpose:This study aimed to investigate the experience of the upper respiratory infection of the elite winter sports athletes and its effect on training and competition.
Methods:We conducted survey on elite athletes preparing for the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympic Games. The general characteristics, training and competition loss due to upper respiratory infection were analyzed by descriptive statistics. Multiple regression analysis was performed to find out the factors that influence on training loss due to upper respiratory infection. A p-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant and data were analyzed using SPSS ver. 24.0.
Results: A total 65 players answered the questionnaire. Sixteen players (24.7%) reported that they got an upper respiratory infection more than three times a year. The month mainly affected by upper respiratory infection was September to November. Main symptom of upper respiratory infection was rhinorrhea mostly, followed by sore throat, cough, sputum. Six players (9.2%) answered that they were excluded from training more than three times due to upper respiratory infection for 1 year. Seven players (10.7%) answered that they were excluded from competition one time due to upper respiratory infection for 1 year. The factors that influence on training loss due to upper respiratory syndrome were the numbers of getting upper respiratory infection for 1 year and age.
Conclusion: Elite winter athletes are vulnerable to upper respiratory and it has a bad effect on training and competition. So we need to take care of elite athletes illness like upper respiratory infection.
Keywords : Athletes, Common cold, Disease, Sports medicine
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