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Physical Activity Patterns and Their Associated Factors Measured by Global Physical Activity Questionnaire Survey among Korean
Korean J Sports Med 2020;38:1-11
Published online March 1, 2020;  https://doi.org/10.5763/kjsm.2020.38.1.1
© 2020 The Korean Society of Sports Medicine.

Kyungha Min1*, Yun Hwan Oh2,3*, Sun Woo Kim1, Ho Jun Kim4, Houbuem Lee4, Sung-Ha Lee5, Sunyoung Kim6, Jeong Sang Lee7,8, Jong Seung Kim4, Bumjo Oh4

1 Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, 2 Department of Family Medicine, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju, 3 Department of Family Medicine, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, 4 Department of Family Medicine, SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, 5 Center for Happiness Studies, Seoul National University, Seoul, 6 Department of Family Medicine, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Seoul, 7 Department of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery, SNU-SMG Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, 8 Department of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Bumjo Oh
Department of Family Medicine, SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, 20 Boramae-ro 5-gil, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 07061, Korea
Tel: +82-2-870-2682, Fax: +82-2-831-0714, E-mail: bo39@snu.ac.kr
*These authors contributed equally to this study as first authors.
Received December 19, 2019; Revised February 19, 2020; Accepted February 19, 2020.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Research on physical activity and health is actively being conducted. In the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) was newly introduced in 2014. The purpose of this study was to investigate the levels of physical activity and related factors in Koreans who were assessed through the GPAQ by dividing the physical activity by occupation, leisure, and transport domain. This study used data from the KNHANES (20142016), the study population of which included 17,357 participants aged 12 to 80 years. We compared the differences in physical activity by sociodemographic factors, health-related factors, and psychological health-related factors. Moreover, we also compared the mean metabolic equivalent of task and daily sitting time according to physical activity domain by sex and age group. Finally, we investigated the sociodemographic factors, health-related factors, and psychological health-related factors that significantly affect the average physical activity per week. The various factors were found to differ in the frequency of physical activity levels. In addition, there was a difference in the amount of physical activity per occupation, leisure, and transport domain in each age group. Finally, age, sex, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, arthritis, allergic rhinitis and sinusitis, sleeping time, and perceived health status significantly affected physical activity. The levels of physical activity significantly differed by sociodemographic factors, health-related factors, and psychological health-related factors. There was also a difference in the physical activity levels according to the age and sex per each domain of physical activity.
Keywords : Physical fitness, Public health, Risk factors, Social determinants of health, Surveys and questionnaires
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