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The Time of Return to Play after Surgery for Chronic Lateral Ankle Instability in Athletes: A Systematic Review
Korean J Sports Med 2020;38:12-19
Published online March 1, 2020;  https://doi.org/10.5763/kjsm.2020.38.1.12
© 2020 The Korean Society of Sports Medicine.

Jinsu Kim1, Jungjin Yu2, Hyunkyung Chae3

1Sejong Sports Medicine and Performance Center, Seoul,
2CM Hospital of National Training Center of Korean Sport & Olympic Committee, Jincheon,
3Seoul CM Hospital, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Jungjin Yu
CM Hospital ofNational Training Center of Korean Sport & Olympic Committee, 105 Seonsuchon-ro, Gwanghyewon-myeon, Jincheon 27809, Korea
Tel: +82-43-531-0072, Fax: +82-43-531-0070, E-mail: yujungjin@gmail.com
*This study was supported by research grant of Korean Society of Sports Medicine for 2018.
Received November 29, 2019; Revised February 26, 2020; Accepted February 28, 2020.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Purpose: The study aimed to assess the average time to return to play following surgery for chronic lateral ankle instability in athletes.
Methods: A literature search was conducted (1976 to 2019) by two independent reviewers using the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane library databases. Articles were retrieved by an electronic search using individual keywords (쐋ateral ankle instability, 쐓urgery, 쐎peration, 쐒eturn to sport, 쐒eturn to play) and their combinations. Studies that met the inclusion criteria were assessed for pertinent data.
Results: Six randomized controlled trials were included in this analysis. The mean follow-up period was 44.8 months (range, 31.858.1 months) in 219 patients (male, 126; female, 113). The mean age was 23.2 years (range, 18.2 28.2 years). Different criteria for returning to sports were used in each paper. In the papers included in this study, different methods and definitions were used for the postoperative recovery method for lateral ankle instability injury. The average time until return to play was 16.53 weeks.
Conclusion: There are limitations to the application of different surgical techniques and data from different athletes for chronic lateral ankle instability. However, these results suggest that sports physicians evaluate the surgical outcome and may be utilized as reference data for informing the athletes about their time until return.
Keywords : Ankle injury, Return to play, Return to sport
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