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Longitudinal Panel Study of Sports Injuries in University Elite Athletes
Korean J Sports Med 2020;38:43-54
Published online March 1, 2020;  https://doi.org/10.5763/kjsm.2020.38.1.43
© 2020 The Korean Society of Sports Medicine.

Eunkuk Kim1, Junghoon Cha2, Hokyung Choi3, Jinyoung You1

Departments of 1Physical Education and 2Community Sports, Korea National Sport University, Seoul, 3Research Institute for Sports Sciences, Pukyong National University, Busan, Korea
Correspondence to: Jinyoung You
Department of Physical Education, Korea National Sport University, 1239 Yangjae-daero, Songpa-gu, Seoul 05541, Korea
Tel: +82-2-410-6830, Fax: +82-2-410-6719, E-mail: yjan15@naver.com
*This study was supported by research grant of Korean Society of Sports Medicine for 2018.
Received January 15, 2020; Revised February 17, 2020; Accepted February 18, 2020.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Purpose: The first aim of this study was to retrospectively survey sports injuries among 608 athletes participating in 26 sport events. The second aim was to compare the characteristics of sports injuries depending on the occurrences during the high school and university periods.
Methods: The data were collected based on the daily injury report form proposed by the International Olympic Committee from March to June 2019.
Results: Four hundred and thirty-nine athletes (313 men) of 608 participated athletes experienced a total of 747 sports injuries, indicating 0.7 injuries per 1,000 athlete exposures (AEs). The incidence rate during the university period was 6.1 injuries/1,000 AEs, which was approximately two-fold higher than that during the high school period (2.8 injuries/1,000 AEs). The reported frequency of injuries was the highest among long distance athletics (n=60, 8.0%), and in each subgroup as well.
Conclusion: Many more injuries were incurred during practice wherein injuries in long-distance athletics were the most common than in competition athletics; handball injuries and taekwondo injuries were the most common during high school and university, respectively. The most contact injuries occurred in taekwondo and most noncontact injuries occurred in gymnastics during high school and in badminton during university. The most commonly affected body parts were the knee, shoulder, and ankle. Severe injuries were the most frequent in long distance athletics, and emergent situations were the most common in taekwondo.
Keywords : Athletic injuries, High school, Incidence, Longitudinal panel study, University
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