The Korean Journal of Sports Medicine

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Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Future directions for cardiovascular outcome measures in breast cancer

Modality Outcome variable
CPET Rate of VO2 at ventilatory threshold, VE/VO2, VE/VCO2, volume of oxygen/work rate, and maximum voluntary ventilation
Echo LVEF, E/A ratio, isovolumic relaxation time, LVEDD/LVESD, LVPWs, LVPW at end-diastole, and global longitudinal strain
CMR LVEF, global longitudinal strain, T1 relaxation time, and myocardial extracellular volume
Ultrasound and applanation tonometry Pulse wave velocity, augmentation pressure, and augmentation index

CPET: cardiopulmonary exercise test, PFT: pulmonary function test, Echo: two-dimensional echocardiography, CMR: cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, VO2: oxygen consumption, VE/VCO2: ventilatory equivalent of oxygen, VE/VCO2: ventilatory equivalent of carbon dioxide, TLC: total lung capacity, FVC: forced vital capacity, FEV1: forced expiratory volume in 1 second, DLCO: diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide, VA: volume of air, LVEF: left ventricular ejection fraction, E/A ratio: peak early atrial velocities divided by peak late atrial velocities, LVEDD: left ventricle end-diastolic dimension, LVESD: left ventricle end-systolic dimension, LVPW: left ventricular posterior wall thickness.

Korean J Sports Med 2021;39:77-90
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