The Korean Journal of Sports Medicine

Indexed in /covered by CAS, KoreaScience & DOI/Crossref:eISSN 2288-6028   pISSN 1226-3729

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Baseline characteristics of study participants

Characteristic RGS p-value
Low Middle High
No. of patients 634 641 660
RGS range (kg/BMI)
Male 0.63−1.34 1.34−1.65 1.65−2.69 -
Female 0.20−0.73 0.73−0.90 0.90−1.80 -
Age (yr) 69.53±7.58 65.27±7.70 60.92±6.95 <0.001
Lean body mass (kg) 38.88±7.46 40.45±7.93 41.58±8.01 <0.001
Income status, <1 million KRW 65.62 47.27 30.61 <0.001
eGFR (mL/min/1.73m2) 92.35±22.72 96.99±20.73 96.79±20.22 <0.001
hs-CRP (mg/dL) 1.91±3.71 1.30±3.39 1.33±4.25 0.007
HOMA-IR 2.10±1.19 1.97±0.93 1.72±0.71 <0.001
Alcohol consumption (%)
None 54.10 52.42 49.85 0.011
Former 9.78 8.27 4.85
Current 36.12 39.31 45.30
Smoking status (%)
None 65.93 67.55 67.27 0.204
Former 24.45 20.90 16.82
Current 9.62 11.54 15.91
Exercise participation (%)
None 77.29 70.83 61.97 <0.001
Regular 22.71 29.17 38.03
Body mass index (kg/m2) 25.39±3.40 24.24±2.92 22.89±2.67 <0.001
Waist circumference (cm) 91.92±8.86 88.73±8.03 84.98±7.77 <0.001
Resting heart rate (%) 61.12±7.79 61.12±7.04 60.96±7.30 0.682

Values are presented as range, mean±standard deviation, or percentage only.

RGS: relative grip strength, BMI: body mass index, KRW: Korean won, eGFR: estimated glomerularfiltration rate, hs-CRP: high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, HOMA-IR: homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance.

Korean J Sports Med 2023;41:216-24 https://doi.org/10.5763/kjsm.2023.41.4.216
© 2023 Korean J Sports Med