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Examining the Relationship between Exercise and Psychological Stress among the Rural Population
Korean J Sports Med 2015;33:126-133
Published online December 1, 2015
© 2015 The Korean Society of Sports Medicine.

Jung-Woo Oh1, Hyun-Jin Kwon2, Sang-Hwa Lee1, Jung-Jun Lim1, Bo-Youl Choi3, Mi-Kyung Kim3, Yeon-Soo Kim1

1Department of Physical Education, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, 2Center for Physical Activity and Health in Pediatric Disabilities, University of Michigan, MI, USA, 3Department of Preventive Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Yeon-Soo Kim
Department of Physical Education, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea
Tel: +82-2-880-7794, Fax: +82-2-886-7804 E-mail:
Received October 7, 2015; Revised November 27, 2015; Accepted November 29, 2015.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
This study aimed to examine the relationship between exercise and psychological stress among the rural population. We performed logistic regression to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of the relationship between exercise and psychological stress after adjusting for sex, age, drinking, smoking, and BMI. In the results, the OR value (95% CI) for the people who worked out regularly, as compared to non-participation, was 0.540 (0.392 ?0.744). In the case of exercise frequency per week, OR values for the people who exercised 1?4 days per week and more than 5 days per week, as referred to non-participation, were 0.506 (0.265?0.968), 0.453 (0.233? 0.879), respectively. In the case of exercise amount per week, OR values for the people who took part in exercising less than 150 minutes, more than 150 minutes and less than 300 minutes, more than 300 minutes and less than 600 minutes, and more than 600 minutes, as compared to non-participation, were 0.535 (0.295?0.972), 0.315 (0.161 ?0.619), 0.475 (0.282?0.802), 0.762 (0.406?1.430), respectively. Regardless of exercise frequency, there was an inverse association between exercise participation more than 150 minutes and less than 600 minutes per week and psychological stress, and the most effective way to reduce psychological stress was taking part in exercise more than 150 minutes and less than 300 minutes per week.
Keywords : Exercise, Psychological stress, Rural population
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